Volume 20 (2022)
Volume 19 (2021)
Volume 18 (2020)
Volume 17 (2019)
Volume 16 (2018)
Volume 15 (2017)
Volume 14 (2016)
Volume 13 (2015)
Volume 12 (2014)
Volume 11 (2013)
Volume 10 (2012)
Volume 9 (2011)
Volume 8 (2010)
Volume 7 (2009)
Volume 6 (2008)
Volume 5 (2007)
Volume 4 (2006)
Volume 3 (2005)
Volume 2 (2004)
Volume 1 (2003)
Examining Educational Needs of Rural Women in Ghomum Village of Songhor Township Using Borich Model and Quadrant Analysis

Zarafshani Kiyoumars; Hossein Agahi; khoshghadam khaledi

Volume 9, Issue 1 , April 2011, , Pages 165-183

Abstract
  Needs assessment is “gaps between current conditions and desired conditions”. Most educational programs in extension education pay little attention to clients’ needs. This devalues the assessment as a policy making tool. However, this study will approach both rural women and extension agents’ ...  Read More

Explaining rural womens' participation in extension education program based on Arnstein's ladder of citizen participation model

kiumars zarafshani; KHOSHGHADAM KHALEDI; Mansour Ghanian

Volume 7, Issue 3 , September 2009

Abstract
  Over the past decades, participatory approaches to development have been the center of attention not only as a means to sustainable development but also as an end. Although women's role in rural development is emphasized, their participation in extension educational programs is nevertheless limited. ...  Read More