The present study tries to investigate the dissimilarities among women in therural areas of different counties in terms of fertility, possible access (accessibility) to health, hygiene and medical attention during fertility, taking into account the difference in human and gender development index of the counties. Since the ertility variables express the condition and circumstances of a woman and types and causes of deprivations as well as uncommon needs prevent them to be in a same group, therefore it is important to have access to the divisive information about various or different groups of women. In this study it is argued that being in the same rural area does not necessarily mean that these areas are similar. Unbalanced levels of human and gender development indices, geographical isolation and different climates of rural areas causes different status in the level of fertility and the index of possible accessibility to hygiene and health during pregnancy and after pregnancy. Therefore to have access to this information in planning and programming of the rural areas is vital. The theories onsidered in this research include the theory of economical fertility, theory of proximate determination and the theory of cultural fertility. This research has utilized documental-statistical of survey method.Factorial, experimental and Pearson's correlation coefficient, regression multiple experimental ,cluster analysis and software of' spss' has also been used. The outcome and results of this research show that there is a positive and significant relationship between levels of gender and human development and level of fertility benefits, contrary there is a negative relationship between the levels of human and gender development and the level of fertility deprivation. Although the intensity of this relationship has reduced in the year 1385 as compared to the year 1375 ,but still the relationship is
significant and continuous. The relationship between deprivation and the level of benefit or returns or quotient reveals that one of the causes of a decline in
fertility specially during 1385 can be the level of benefit or quotient because anywhere that women have possible access to health and
hygiene during pregnancy and after pregnancy, they have shown lower tendency to the fertility