Women’s management has brought up admirable achievements in the organizations of different countries. But in most of the government organizations of Iran the tendency is toward appointing male managers. It seems the reasons of such selection are more gender factor rather than capacities and abilities of appointees. According to management theories, there are many factors behind the issue. This article aims to answer the question of:" With the improvements in women's education and social participations in recent years, why women do not have access to managerial positions in the government?”
Factors of organization’s culture, male managers' attitude toward women and their managerial skills have been studied. The findings provide evidences on negative attitudes of male decision-makers about women's abilities for management. Also, organizational culture does not favor the presence of women at the management level. In addition, there is no significant difference between male and female managers in their cognitive skills.