Ferdowsi's Shahname (one of the most valuable literary works in Iran and in the world) can be studied from different viewpoints. This important literary work can be analyzed from various dimensions including literature, sociology, mythology and elements of the story. One quite new aspect which can lay the ground for research in Shahnameh and can be very useful and give great results to us is psychology and psychoanalysis. Karl Gustav Jung is an outstanding figure and prominent scholar of psychology in recent centuries and his views are very useful in studies of literary eastern works. Anima is one of his most important views regarding social unconscious and has also been applied in myth and epic. Anima can have a dual aspect, it can be creative and maker or contrary killer and ruinous (positive and negative). In Shahname women can be considered both as creative and ruinous Animas, such as Sowdabe and misleader women in the seven exploit (Haft khan) who are fatal, ruinous and are thus negative anima; and Faranak, Farangis, Roodabe and Sindokht who are creative and savior animas and thus positive anima that play special roles in epic.
Twins sisters in Shahname (Jamshid's daughters and Esfandear's sisters) who were captured by Zahhak and Arjasp and freed by Fereidoon and Esfandear, show that conscious can change anima and it can become both fatal and savior. This subject will be researched in this essay briefly.