This research has been conducted to study the social barriers for women to have managerial positions. To this end the Glass Ceiling theory and Role Conflict hypothesis have been proposed. The statistical population has been 323 employed female staff of Bank Melli in Tehran who were selected through systematic sampling based on Cochran’s sampling formula. Findings suggest that the main social obstacles for women to gain managerial position are: women’s family responsibilities, stereotypical thoughts and relationship considerations. The results also show that there is a significant relationship between women’s educational status and their access to managerial positions.