Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 MA in Sociology, Alzahara University, Tehran, Iran


Like the rest of the world, paying attention to health dimensions, especially social health and its elements, has become essential in Iran's society. Moreover, the recent decade has been witness to a wave of women entering universities and their demand for job.Since job, as a main social determinant, affects health, and women's health brings family and eventually social health, we intended to probe the impact of job on social health of females. The statistical population included employed female students studying in Alzahra University. The sample size was determined to be 111 subjects who were selected from different faculties using cluster sample method. This was a sectional survey study and the information was collected using self-made questionnaire and social health standard scale; then the data were analyzed by using spss software. The suitability of job conditions (wages and benefits, job security, organizational support, growth and prosperity at work, etc.) had the highest effect on the students' social health. In addition, results indicated the effect of casual mechanisms of financial independence, social relations, social support, self-esteem, and social status on social health of employed people. Among the underlying variables, age, marital status, and type of living place were significantly correlated with social health. Finally, the type of job (in terms of rank and status) did' not have any major correlation with students' social health. Employment does not change one's social health. The main things affecting social health are occupational components including the type of job, suitability of job conditions, and social-mental capabilities (consequences of job).


Main Subjects

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