Document Type : Basic article
1 Faculty Member, Department of Urban Planning, Tarbiat Modares University
2 Master of Urban Planning, Tarbiat Modares University
In urban spaces, the presence of different social groups always faces a constant flow of exclusion and inclusion. The dual stream which is a spatial competition finally results in the rejection or acceptance and the presence or absence of one of the parties. Today, despite multiple investigations under different names in relation to gender, urban spaces in our society has not been obtained for both men and women as expected. Therefore, this article investigates and analyzes the effectiveness of gender on the exclusion and inclusion of people of Shoosh Park. Then, reproduction of these codes and metaphorical borders of the landscape and urban space as well as their manifestation in the behavior of individuals in this space is studied. This article aims to answer the following question using qualitative analysis method and such techniques as participant observation and interviews with 21 people who are associated with the Shoosh Park: “What kind of spatial differences is caused by different genders in the Shoosh Park?” The results show that, in the Shoosh Park, component of gender is the most important component that causes the presence of different groups in space. In other words, some people are excluded from Park space because of their gender, while some others are included. Strengthening and preparing the context for active participation of women in local scale is the most important proposed policy that mostly considers historical roots and social status of women’s presence in the urban space. Accordingly, it looks for implementation strategies not only in spatial changes, bus also in socio-cultural and historical context of women’s presence in social spaces.