Document Type : Research Paper


Associate Professor of Sociology, Eslam Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University


The main purpose of this research is to determine the impact of women's political empowerment in their environmental behaviors. The study adopted a quantitative design and used the descriptive correlational survey to collect data. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. A total of 200 Kermanshahi women were chosen as the sample using a multi-stage cluster random sampling. To analyze the data, SPSS and AMOS software were used. The findings demonstrated a statistically significant relationship between empowerment of women and their choice, but the relationship between women empowerment and their agency as well as participation was insignificant. In general, a significant relationship was found between women's empowerment and their environmental behaviors. The analysis of contextual variables further revealed that the respondents' age group, educational levels, and income status affect the degree of women's environmental behaviors. The interaction between these variables demonstrates that women who have more civil liberties (choice), education, and income will play a more successful role in environmental preservation. It may be suggested that women's political empowerment leads to making decisions that benefit particular social needs/concerns, and that these decisions would lead to stringent policies to improve the situation and protect the environment, promoting sustainable development.


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