The purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons, contexts and social processes affecting participation in public sports among female students of the pyame-nour of Kerman in 1399. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of method and qualitative based on data method in terms of type of study. The statistical population research includes all students of payame-nour in 1399. The participants in the study were 31 Female students are studying at this university. Targeted sampling method is available. Semi-structured interviews have been used as data collection tools. To achieve the reliability criterion, three methods have been used: control or validation by members, analytical comparisons and the use of audit techniques. Data according to procedure Based on the background theory, they have been analyzed in three stages of open, selective and selective (pivotal) coding.
Findings: After analyzing the research findings, the categories of economic crisis, social support and social capital as the most important causal conditions, personal management of the body / cultural expectations / sports infrastructure as intervening conditions, healthy lifestyle as the most conditions Background, building infrastructure / environmental security / important motivation of officials as action-interactions and control of violence in society have been identified as the most important consequences of participation in public sports
.Conclusion: Women's participation in sports and public sports activities is formed under the influence of the cultural and social context in society