Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Shahid Beheshti University

2 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Abstract

Although development thinkers have always agreed on human excellence in all aspects, in many countries the issue of gender has become a criterion for socio-cultural, economic, political, etc. inequalities, and this is a serious challenge and dilemma in achieving sustainable development. Rural women, on the other hand, ignore women because of their sexual orientation and their empowerment in various fields, while the participation of women of the same male gender can facilitate the process of achieving development. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate gender approaches to sustainable development in villages around the metropolis of Karaj. The research method in the present study is descriptive-analytical and its type is applied in terms of purpose. Documentary and field methods have been used to collect information. The statistical population of 10 villages located in the central part of Karaj city and from a total of 3987 households living in rural Pri-urban settlements, with the Cochran's formula, the sample size of 228 households was estimated and these individuals were selected by random sampling method. To test the conceptual model of the research and to investigate the effect of research dimensions on sustainable development, the partial least squares technique and Smart PLS software were used. According to the results, the coefficients of t between the main variables of the study are above 2.58, and there is a significant and direct relationship; Thus, economic, social, environmental and institutional dimensions have a positive and significant effect on sustainable development. The value of R2 shows that 96.7% of sustainable development is explained by achieving four dimensions and the economic dimension with a coefficient of 0.88 has a greater effect on other dimensions. Has had a sustainable rural development. Also, the results of the t-test with two independent nodes showed that in the study area, gender type was not effective only in economic and sustainable development indicators, but in three indicators of social, environmental, and institutional, gender type had a significant effect. Therefore, all of these dimensions, in terms of importance and necessity, require well-planned planning and action to improve, and neglecting any of them can improve the process of improving sustainable rural development and the positive role of gender approach in it with many challenges and problems.

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