Children are one of the most vulnerable groups in society, and the risk of aggression by various people in the family or community constantly threatens them. Studies from the childhood of imprisoned women show that the negative experiences of misbehavior, enduring adversities, family quarrels, experiencing poverty and emotional neglect, and violence are related to their health problems in adulthood, which range from depression to personality disorders and heart diseases. Therefore, this study wants to answer the question, what experiences have women prisoners had since childhood, and what contribution did their childhood period have in their imprisonment and the continuation of crimes in their adult lives?
The present study is a qualitative study using the phenomenology method. A depth interview was used to collect the data and information needed for this research. The field of study of this research is all female prisoners of Fardis Penitentiary, which is located in the south of Karaj. The samples of the study were collected by purposeful sampling and theoretical sampling. In the selection of the sample, attention was paid to the maximum variety in terms of the age of imprisoned women with different crimes (murder, theft, drug sales, prostitution), Level of Education, marital status (married and single), the number of times they were imprisoned, economic status, and the number of children the participants had, but to ensure saturation, more than 2 interviews were conducted, and depth interviews were conducted with 25 female prisoners.
According to the research questions and analysis of the research data, after reducing and merging similar codes, 6 themes were obtained. Women have mentioned their accumulated memories of childhood and continuation in adulthood. The interviewees' perception of the lost childhood has been interpreted as an insecure childhood, a regretful childhood, and a helpless childhood, which are described by 3 main themes and 11 sub-themes, as well as the continuation of the effects of childhood trauma in women's adulthood in the form of 3 main themes and 10 sub-themes were extracted. Therefore, all the concepts are related to each other and it has revealed a pattern of the meaning of their lived experience since childhood and the continuation of its effects in adulthood.
The findings of the research showed that the imprisoned women experienced a childhood in a state of insecurity, helplessness, regret, and loss and faced various threats, humiliation, repression, and failure. They believe that their childhood and negative experiences play a significant role in their imprisonment and that they have not achieved their right in life and have not received what others have earned. Prisoner women believe that insecurity in the family always takes its victims from children, who are forced to endure unfavorable conditions due to their inability and lack of self-defense, and sexual, physical, and sexual insecurity during childhood.
From the point of view of some participants, livelihood issues, lack of job and unemployment, lack of capital and financial problems, and inability to meet the expenses, have been one of the main effective factors of their family problems, which regret many children's demands in Food, clothing, toys, and entertainment have been placed in their hearts. Family poverty means that there are no more funds to invest in children's education or this investment is not done in an appropriate way. According to the narratives of the imprisoned women, their family was a family that did not provide financial support, neglected the educational role, was violent, did not have emotional interactions, did not show affection, was weak, and was unjust. , effective and healthy relationships were not established in it, they did not pay attention to the needs and deviation education was unintentionally in their program In parallel with unfavorable family conditions, women prisoners are faced with traumas such as psychological adversities, deprivation of interaction, feelings of loneliness, depression, and the bias of lowering cultural self-esteem. According to the self-statement of the imprisoned women, due to the negative events of their childhood, today they are still affected by the disturbing events of those days, and the continuation of many of these negative experiences has caused them to have conflicts related to crimes, false thoughts, and defective self-concept, and even managed to break relationships. affect them socially and emotionally in their family life in adulthood.