Women’s homemaking activities involve a variety of jobs including taking care of children and family. Despite the fact that these activities encompass economic, social and cultural values, they are not generally considered and the economic place of homemaking activities in the society has been ignored. In other words, a major part of women? s activities in areas of upbringing children and homemaking that take place at home are not counted.
The main aim of this research is to calculate the surplus value of the activities of homemaking and to study the effective social factors on added values of women’s indoor activities. Accordingly the weekly calculation of the surplus value of Tehran women’s homemaking activities estimates at 1600000 Rials.
Questionnaire and a random multi-stage sampling were the tools used in this survey. After filing the final questionnaires by 2000 homemaker women of Tehran, the gathered related data were coded and analyzed by means of SPSS software. The result of research show that three variables including "woman’s age", "woman’s education" and "family size" have meaningful impacts on explaining the surplus value of women's indoor activities. Among the mentioned variables the “family size” or the number of family members had the most impact on the changes in surplus value of homemaking activities.