Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Science, School of Humanities, Damghan University, Iran


This article examines women's discursive space of physical activity in order to answer an important question: Why most women have problems with regular physical activity and cannot permanently benefit from a long-term regular exercise program. The analysis was performed with concepts discussed in the discourse theory of Laclau and Mouffe (1995). There are two main discourses in women's physical activity, fear of fat as a big discourse and healthism as a small discourse. The result introduces a hypothesis: long-term goals and regular attendance in physical activity is related to goals created by healthism discourse and personal responsibility about health behaviors, also irregular attendance activity is related to priorities and goals created by fear of fat discourse. Identifying and categorizing topics show each of physical, mental and social targets achieve meaning from the fear of fat discourse because of its dominance and superiority. Future planning of physical activity for women should be established while taking into account the dominant discourses in these spaces.


Main Subjects

[1] آریاپوران، سعید؛ شیرزادی، محمدمهدی (1391). «رابطۀ کمال‌‌گرایی، ارزشمندی بدن و نگرانی، با علایم اختلالات خوردن در زنان دارای فعالیت ورزشی»، مجلۀ علمی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان، ش 17، ص68ـ77.
[2] سلطانی، سید علی‌اصغر (1391). قدرت، گفتمان و زبان، ساز‌و‌کارهای جریان قدرت در جمهوری اسلامی ایران، تهران. نی.
[3] کسرایی، محمد‌سالار؛ پوزش شیرازی، علی (1388). «نظریۀ گفتمان لاکلا و موفه ابزاری کارآمد در فهم و تبیین پدیده‌های سیاسی»، فصل‌نامۀ سیاست، (3)، ص 339ـ360.
[4] کوربین، چارلز بی؛ لیندزی، را (1384). آمادگی جسمانی تمرین، ترجمۀ غلامعلی اولیا، رضا محمد کاظمی و حمید قاسمى، تهران: بامداد، چ 2.
[5] نقدی، اسداله؛ بلالی، اسماعیل؛ ایمانی، پروین (1390). «موانع فرهنگی‌ـ اجتماعی مشارکت زنان در فعالیت‌های ورزشی»، زن در توسعه و سیاست (پژوهش زنان)، (1) 9،‌ ص 147ـ163.
[6] Butler,G.P; Orpana, H.M & Wiens, A.J. (2007). By your own two feet: Factors associated with active transportation in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98(4), PP 259‐264.
[7] Deci, E; & Ryan, R. (2002). Handbook of Self-Determination Research. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
[8] Dworkin,S.L;& Wachs,F.L.(2009). Body Panic: Gender, Health, and the Selling of Fitness. New York University Press, 272. DOI: 10.1177/0891243209344432
[9] Fikkan, J. l; & Rothblum, E. D. (2012). Is fat a feminist issue? Exploring the gendered nature of weight bias. Sex Roles, 66, 575-592. doi:10.1007/s11199-011-0022-5
[10] Fusco, C. (2006). Inscribing healthification: governance, risk, surveillance and the subjects and spaces of fitness and health.Health and Place, 12(1), 65–78.
[11] Glanz, F. L ;& Rimer, B. (1997). Health behavior and health education: Theory, research and practice (2nd ed., PP 60-84). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
[12] Kirk, D; & Colquhoun, D. (1989). Healthism and physical education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 10, PP 417- 434.
[13] Leea, J ;& Macdonald, D.(2010). ‘Are they just checking our obesity or what?’ The healthism discourse and rural young women. Sport, Education and Society, 15(2) PP 203-219.
[14] Lupton, D. (1995) The Imperative of Health: Public Health and the Regulated Body. London: Sage.
[15] MacLeod, K.E; Gee, G.C; Crawford, P; & Wang, M.C. (2008). Neighbourhood environment as a predictor of television watching among girls. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(4), PP 288‐292.
[16] Prochaska, J; & DiClemente, C. (1983). Stages and processes of self-change of smoking: Toward an integrative model of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol 51(3), PP 390-395.
[17] Puhl, R. M. & Heuer, C. A. (2009). The stigma of obesity: A review and Update. Obesity, 17, 941-964. doi:10.1038/oby.2008.636
[18] Rich, E. & Evans, J. (2005). ‘Fat ethics’: the obesity discourse and body politics. Social Theory &Health, 3, PP 341-358.
[19] Rose, N. (1999). Powers of freedom: reframing political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[20] Roy, C. S. (2008). Taking charge of your health’: discourses of responsibility in English-Canadian women’s magazines. Sociology of Health & Illness 30(3),463-477. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9566.2007.01066.x
[21] Rysst, M.(2010). Healthism'' and looking good: Body ideals and body practices in Norway. Scand J Public Health,38(5): PP 71-80
[22] Segar, M. L; Eccles J. S; Richardson, C. R.(2007). Type of physical activity goal influences participation in healthy middle women. Women’s Health,18 , PP 281–291.
[23] Statistics Canada. (2011). Health Trends. Statistics Canada Catalogue No. 82‐213‐XWE. Ottawa. Released October 25, 2011.
[24] Statistics Canada. 2007/2008. Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) (master file), Statistics Canada (producer). Using remote access program of Health Division, Statistics Canada (distributor).
[25] Thompson, J.L; Allen, P; Cunningham‐Sabo, L; Yazzie, D.A; Curtis, M; & Davis, S.M. (2002). Environmental, policy, and cultural factors related to physical activity in sedentary American Indian women. Women Health, 36(2), PP 59‐74.