Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.

3 Urban Planning Department, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz University of Islamic Arts



Analyzing the relationship between gender and space together makes the roles and needs of each man and woman clear, especially in urban spaces. This analysis helps to understand how the constructive roles of women lead to the production and reproduction of desirable social relations in urban spaces. The presence of women in public and urban spaces not only reflects but also narrates the desirable relationships of a society. This research has been done in order to better understand the needs of women in order to redefine urban spaces, in total, very few studies have been done in the world to understand gender differences in public spaces. The main goal of this research is to identify the dimensions and components that affect the formation of desirable urban spaces for women using the meta-analysis method.

The searches were done manually and based on the keywords "urban spaces, women" and for sub-keywords, the words "park, public space, single-gender spaces" are substituted with the first keyword, which is included in the process to improve the effectiveness of the topic to provide a more accurate output. Also, the words AND and OR are used for better search of keywords. The period of study is from 1395 to 1401 in Persian sources and between 2016 to 2022 in English sources. Scopus, Elsevier, Web of Science databases have been used to properly use the sources and access the basic information of the articles in the field of Latin sources and to take advantage of Persian sources, relevant keywords have been used in the databases of scientific documents of Iran (Irandoc), the database of national publications Magiran, ElmNet, Civilica, and Google Scholar. The data collection method according to the PRISMA protocol, which is the standard for meta-analysis studies, Also, Spss software has been used to perform meta-analysis tests, and its output has been produced as forest, bubble, funnel (diffusion bias), and heterogeneity detection charts. VOSviewer software has also been used to measure scientific databases for content production in the field of study.

The results show that the main dimensions of the research include physical and functional, structural and spatial, individual and personality, and cultural and social dimensions in the design of urban spaces. The position of researches in the field of urban space design suitable for women in the world research literature is important. So that the highest frequency of studies among English sources has been done in China and India due to the significant population of women, followed by Iran and Australia. Also, the most words related to the main research keywords for producing articles in recent years have been around security and gender. Finally, the researches of this article show that the meta-analysis method can be an effective help in identifying the design components of desirable urban spaces for women.


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