نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عضو هیات علمی و استادیار پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی
زمینه و هدف: بحث در مورد برقراری توازن میان نقشهای شغلی و خانوادگی زنان عضو هیات علمی دانشگاهها و پژوهشگاهها در ایام کرونا و مطالعه تجارب زیسته آنها میتواند نقش مؤثری در شناخت و توسعه ادبیات اشتغال زنان ایفا نماید. روش: این پژوهش پدیدارشناسانه، تجارب زیسته 30 نفر از زنان عضو هیات علمی دانشگاهها و پژوهشگاههای مشارکت کننده را با هدف کشف و توصیف چگونگی برقراری توازن میان نقشهای شغلی و خانوادگی در ایام کرونا را مورد بررسی قرار داده است. تحقیق جهت گردآوری دادهها، از مصاحبه نیمه ساختارمند و با روش نمونهگیری هدفمند بهره برده است. فرایند تحلیل در سه سطح کلان انجام شده است. یافتهها: وجود قرنطینه خانگی ناشی از ویروس کرونا و شیوع آن باعث ایجاد دورکاری، ظهور مساله فرهنگی جدید، ظهور فرهنگ قرنطینه،کسب تجربه زندگی در بحران کرونا و برقراری توازن بین نقشهای شغلی و خانوادگی در حوزه آموزش و پژوهش در کشور شده است که این امر منجر به بازتعریف روابط و مناسبات اجتماعی، مساله اخلاق، تعهدات اجتماعی، الگوهای روابط انسانی، اجتماعی، شناخت و درک اخلاق مراقبتی در زندگی از سوی زنان شده است. در نهایت با توجه به نتایج، راهکارهایی در حوزههای، پژوهش، مدیریت و خانواده ارائه گردید.
کلیدواژهها: دورکاری، قرنطینه خانگی، زنان هیات علمی، نقشهای شغلی و خانوادگی.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The lived experience of female faculty members in establishing a balance between career and family roles in the days of Corona
- Bahareh Nasiri
Academic staff member and assistant professor of Humanities and Cultural Studies Research Institute,
Due to the fact that corona virus, as a threat to people's lives, has also severely disrupted social life and has turned into a "super-problem" and even a "super-crisis". In this situation, women usually find more expectations from themselves, because it seems that women want to play their part in curbing this crisis well. The time that women spend these days to improve the quality of life at home according to its necessity, maybe it is a kind of non-stop management that should be analyzed, determined and determined in different dimensions and sides, priorities and deadlines, compared to normal times. to accomplish Discussing the balance between the career and family roles of women who are members of the academic staff of universities and research institutes in the days of Corona and studying their lived experiences can play an effective role in the recognition and development of women's employment literature. This phenomenological research has examined the lived experiences of 30 female faculty members of participating universities and research institutes with the aim of discovering and describing how to balance career and family roles in the days of Corona. In order to collect data, the research used a semi-structured interview with a purposeful sampling method. The analysis process was carried out in three macro levels. In the third level of analysis, the result of the equalization of intellectual horizons: 5 horizons related to the creation of remote work, 5 horizons related to the emergence of a new cultural issue, 9 horizons related to home quarantine, 7 horizons related to the experience of living in the Corona crisis, 6 horizons related to Establishing a balance between work and family life, there were 3 horizons related to balance in the field of education and research and 3 horizons related to strategies and solutions. In the second level, coherent descriptions of the narratives were formed by establishing a balance between professional and family life, influencing fields, positive and negative effects and consequences, strategies and solutions, and at the highest abstract level or analysis, the structural integration of coherent descriptions Done .
The areas that have affected the lived experience of women faculty members of universities and research institutes in establishing a balance between work and family life in the days of Corona include:
The establishment of remote working has been one of the background conditions affecting the lived experience of women faculty members of universities and research institutes in the balance between professional and family life in the days of Corona.
Another influential factor has been the emergence of a new cultural issue. The results showed that society has faced new cultural issues such as collective self-awareness, cultural impact (cultural shock), traumatized event and collective cultural trauma.
Quarantine culture has been another effective field. Quarantine culture, which in this culture, the situation of quarantine, has placed citizens in isolation and "living alone".
Gaining life experience in the Corona crisis, including experiencing levels of self-care and others among women, redefining relationships and social relationships among women, caring ethics of women in life, redefining the issue of ethics and social obligations among women.
Establishing a balance between work and family life in the days of Corona is another effective field, which is a creative process. So that in this process, the cooperation of family members with the working person, balance between work and family, flexibility in creating environmental conditions and time of work schedule, and balance of planning and management in creating a calm atmosphere between work and family, prevention of tension between work and family, turning the crisis into an opportunity to be together in the family and to make life home has emerged.
Also, creative balance in the field of education and in the field of research has been proposed by the women members of the academic staff of universities and research institutes during the Corona period.
Finally, women who are members of the academic staff of universities and research institutes; They proposed strategies and solutions to improve the balance between work and family life in three areas: 1- In the field of research, the implementation of a remote work plan in research jobs can be useful for researchers, especially women, 2- In the field of management, if it is required to do it in It is not the work environment, managers can make remote work voluntary and at the discretion of the researcher, and 3- in the family domain, emphasizing the caring ethics of women in family life, as well as the strong role that women can have in persuading family members to live in a new way in crises.
- home quarantine"
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- women faculty"
- career and family roles"