نقش همسران در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی زنان با رویکردی فراترکیب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت و کارآفرینی، دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

2 دانشجوی دکتری کارآفرینی، گروه مدیریت و کارآفرینی، دانشکدة علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

10.22059/jwdp.2021.318676.1007959

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر از طریق ترکیب تحقیقات پیشین با هدف ارائة تصویری جامع از مؤلفه‏های نقش همسران در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی زنان انجام گرفت. روش‏شناسی پژوهش، کیفی با رویکرد فراترکیب است. بر این اساس، پس از جست‌وجو در پایگاه‏های اطلاعاتی، در محدودة زمانی 1385 تا 1399 برای پژوهش‏های داخلی و 2000 تا 2020 برای پژوهش‏های خارجی، تعداد 143 مطالعة مرتبط ارزیابی و نهایتاً، پس از بررسی 71 مقاله انتخاب شد. با استفاده از الگوی هفت‌مرحله‏ای سندلوسکی و باروسو، یافته‏های 62 پژوهش پیشین مرتبط با اهداف مطالعه بررسی، تجمیع، ترکیب و تفسیر شد و با استفاده از روش کدگذاری تعداد 22 کد، 4 مفهوم و 2 مؤلفه شناسایی شد و اعتبار هریک از طریق آزمون کاپای کوهن تأیید شد. سپس با توجه به جامعة کشور ایران، تناسب و میزان اهمیت و اولویت مفاهیم شناسایی‌شده با استفاده از روش دلفی تعیین و بررسی شد. براساس یافته‏های تحقیق، مفاهیم نقش‏ همسران بر اکوسیستم کارآفرینی زنان براساس روش دلفی به ترتیب اهمیت، مانع، حمایت‌گر، مداخله‏گر و مشوق است. همچنین الگوی نقش همسران در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی زنان ارائه و ترسیم شد. در پایان، همسو با نتایج پژوهش، پیشنهادهایی کاربردی که می‏تواند راهنمایی بینشی ارزشمند به مدیران و سیاست‏گذارانی که درصدد بهبود کارآفرینی زنان و افزایش رفتار کارآفرینانة جامعه هستند و در سطوح عملیاتی توسط بازیگرانی که در اکوسیستم کارآفرینی زنان همراهی می‏کنند، ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The spouse’s role in the women entrepreneurship ecosystem with a meta-synthesis approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Hosseinpour 1
  • Bijan Rezaei 1
  • Atieh Khodaei 2
1 PhD in Strategic Management, Assistant Professor, Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Entrepreneurship, Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted by combining previous research with the aim of providing a comprehensive picture of the components of the role of spouses in the entrepreneurship ecosystem of women. The research methodology is qualitative with a meta- synthesis approach. Accordingly, after searching the databases, in the period of 1385 to 1399 for domestic researches and 2000 to 2020 for foreign researches, 124 related studies were evaluated and finally, after multiple screenings, 62 articles were selected. Using seven-step model of Sandelowski and Barroso, the findings of 62 previous studies related to the objectives of the study were reviewed, aggregated, combined and interpreted, and with the help of coding method, 22 codes, 4 concepts and 2 components were identified and validated through Kappa Cohen coefficient. Then, according to the Iranian society, the appropriateness and the importance and priority of the identified concepts were determined and evaluated using the Delphi method. As a consequence, according to the findings of the research, the concepts of spouses' role on women's entrepreneurship ecosystem based on Delphi method and the degree of importance are obstacle, supportive, intervening and encouraging, respectively. In addition, the role model of spouses in entrepreneurship ecosystem of women was presented and drawn. Finally, in line with the research results, practical suggestions that can provide valuable insights to managers and policymakers seeking to improve women's entrepreneurship and increase entrepreneurial behavior in society are presented. furthermore, practical suggestions for the actors who play in the entrepreneurship ecosystem of women at the operational level are presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • women entrepreneurship
  • Spouse’s Role
  • Entrepreneurship ecosystem
  • meta-synthesis method
  • Delphi method
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