نوع مقاله : بنیادی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران مرکزی

2 دانشگاه آزاد واحد اهواز

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر تدوین مدل علّی ارزیابی فراشناختی بدشکلی بدن بر اساس سرمایه روانشناختی و بهزیستی معنوی در زنان متقاضی جراحی بینی: نقش میانجی هم‌نوایی اجتماعی است. روش پژوهش توصیفی، از نوع همبستگی با استفاده از مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه‌ی آماری این پژوهش را زنان 20 تا 45 سال متقاضی جراحی بینی بدون اختلال فیزیولوژیک مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک‌های تاپ کلینیک، کلینیک دکتر نجف بیگی، کلینیک تهران بیوتی و کلینیک طراح طب شهر تهران در پاییز و زمستان سال 1401 انتخاب شدند. نمونه‌ی پژوهش 300 نفر به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه‌های ارزیابی فراشناختی بدشکلی بدن، سرمایه روانشناختی لوتانز، بهزیستی معنوی و پرسشنامه همنوایی ال-72 است. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری و نرم افزار SPSS و Amos استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد مدل علی ارزیابی فراشناختی بدشکلی بدن بر اساس سرمایه روانشناختی و بهزیستی معنوی در زنان متقاضی جراحی بینی با میانجیگری هم‌نوایی اجتماعی با داده ها نیکویی برازش مطلوبی دارد. هم چنین نتایج نشان داد که هم‌نوایی اجتماعی به صورت منفی و معنی داری اثر سرمایه روانشناختی و بهزیستی معنوی بر ارزیابی فراشناختی بدشکلی بدن در زنان متقاضی جراحی بینی را میانجیگری می‌کند.

کلید واژه ها: سرمایه روان‌شناختی، بهزیستی معنوی، همنوایی اجتماعی، فراشناختی بدشکلی بدنی.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a causal model of metacognitive assessment of body deformity based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being in women applying for nose surgery: the mediating role of social harmony

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marzieh Salarvand 1
  • Farah Naderi 2

1 Azad University Central Tehran Branch

2 Ahvaz Branch Azad University

چکیده [English]

The trend towards nose surgery has increased in the world, and Iran is ranked seventh in the world. The huge treatments of this type of surgery in Iran — from the subsets of cosmetic surgery — services are not covered by health insurance, and real and not imaginary complications appear for this type of surgery and investigate the trend factors among older women. In the position of the key pillar of the family, the woman gives more attention to the conformity and harmony of her appearance with the body image influenced by social and cultural norms. Investigating the factors that make this choice painful, complicated and sometimes unnecessary, this research examines these changes. (2) Psychological capital and its high level make the body satisfactory. (3) Changes in spiritual well-being and its high level create a kinder and respectful relationship with the body and the absence of the external body, and (4) social conformity, as in some researches, it is considered the most important factor for performing nose surgery. It is the factor, change in beliefs and association with the recommendations and norms of a society. In general, based on the conceptual model designed in this research, social conformity mediates another research. The main goal of this research was the causal model of the metacognitive evaluation of the body based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being in women's surgery with regard to the mediating role of social conformity, and a descriptive method of correlation type and structural equation modeling was used The statistical population of this research is all women applying for rhinoplasty who refer to doctors specializing in cosmetic and nose surgery and rhinoplasty who refer to Top Clinic, Dr. Najaf Beigi Clinic, Tehran Beauty Clinic, and Designer Medical Clinic located in areas 1 and 2 of Tehran, in autumn and winter. They formed in 2023. In the research sample, 300 of these women were selected by purposive and available sampling method, and among the research tools, questionnaires for metacognitive assessment of body deformity, Luthans psychological capital, spiritual well-being and L-72 conformity were taken. Also, structural equation modeling and SPSS and Amos software are used in data analysis. The results of the analysis showed that the causal model of the metacognitive assessment of body deformity based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being in the case of nose surgery with the mediation of social conformity with the data had a good goodness of fit, and no paths were removed from the model. The results showed that social conformity negatively and significantly mediates the effect of psychological capital and spiritual well-being on the metacognitive evaluation of body deformity in women undergoing surgery, and also the direct effect of psychological capital on the evaluation of body deformity is non-significant and these hypotheses are also proved. Psychological capital is negatively and meaningfully related to social conformity. Social conformity has a positive and significant effect on the metacognitive evaluation of body deformity. Spiritual well-being has a negative and significant effect on social conformity. Spiritual well-being is negatively and meaningfully based on the metacognitive evaluation of body deformity; social conformity negatively and significantly mediates the effect of spiritual well-being on the evaluation of body deformity in women's surgery, and social conformity negatively and significantly mediates the effect of psychological capital on the metacognitive evaluation of body deformity. And finally, spiritual well-being is negatively and significantly effective for the metacognitive evaluation of deformity in rhinoplasty women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological capital
  • spiritual well-being
  • social conformity
  • metacognition of body dysmorphic